Canine Leptospirosis

Written by Buffalo Trace Veterinary Services on . Posted in Blog

Leptospirosis, or "Lepto" is among the most common bacterial disease that affects dogs. The disease is also known to affect humans and other animals as well.

Symptoms of Canine Leptospirosis

Symptoms of leptospirosis in dogs may vary, ranging from being non-existent to deadly. Dogs that show no symptoms have what in medical jargon is termed as subclinical infection. Obvious symptoms of the infection may include some or all of the following symptoms:

• High body temperature
• Severe dehydration
• Diarrhea with traces of blood
• Loss of appetite
• Excessive thirst
• Signs of depression
• Shivers
• Vomiting
• Joint pain and muscle tenderness
• Hampered mobility due to extreme pain


In some cases when the infection is severe, a canine may develop hypothermia or suffer from kidney and liver failure too. Additionally, there is yellowness of the eyes, caused by jaundice. Any of these indications require immediate medical attention.

Prevention of Leptospirosis in Dogs

Certain precautionary measures can significantly reduce the probability of a dog becoming infected by the leptospira bacterium. Leptospira bacteria thrives in moist regions and dogs are more susceptible to the infections during warmer months when the bacteria is most active. A few stringent steps during these times of the year can be effective in avoiding the condition.
Here is a lowdown on preventive steps that can be taken to keep your canine friend protected from the disease.

1. Prevent dogs from drinking from stagnant pools of water, such as ponds and puddles.
2. Keep dogs from wading through stagnant water, drainage dumps and waterways.
3. Keep your garden and backyard clean, free from fallen fruits or garbage that might draw wild animals, which can transfer the bacteria to your dog.
4. Improve drainage around your property, so it is not constantly moist.
5. Prune shrubbery that might attract mice and rats.
6. Consider the option of vaccine as a pre-emptive measure.

Treatment of Leptospirosis

A dog that show any of the symptoms listed above needs to be taken to a vet immediately to establish whether it is inflicted with the disease. If a pet is shown to have Leptospirosis, it is vital that treatment is started at the earliest to improve its chances of a quick and complete recovery. Timely diagnosis and treatment significantly heightens the cure rate.

Vaccines for Leptospirosis

Dogs can also be vaccinated against leptospirosis, as a preventive method. However, vaccines exist only for certain types of Leptospira bacterium; not all. A vaccinated dog remains vulnerable to certain strains of the Leptospira bacterium. Dogs need to be vaccinated annually; but some vets may recommend more frequent shots for better protection.

Ask us, at Buffalo Trace Veterinary Service, if the Leptospirosis vaccine may be a preventative measure your pet would benefit from.


Image credit:  Vampirica | Thinkstock.com


Lost pets get found...FAST!

Written by Buffalo Trace Veterinary Services on . Posted in Blog

If your pet were lost, wouldn't it be great if they could tell someone where they live, who to contact, their medical needs, and who their veterinarian is? The ASPCA reports that "5 to 7 million" pets enter animal shelters every year and "3 to 4 million" of them are euthanized. Why? The owners could not be located in a timely manner.

We thought this statistic was heartbreaking and we wanted to do something about it.

PawPrintsID is a low-cost solution that leverages the power of the Internet with the ubiquity of smartphones.  "But my Pet is Micro chipped!"

Only Shelters and some Veterinarians have the ability to scan all the different microchips. Unfortunately, once scanned, it only contains an ID for a phone number. No important medical information, no way to directly contact the owner, and no access to the pet's medical history. What if the pet was hurt?

A PawPrintsID Tag can be viewed by any smartphone with a QR reader. If you need a reader, go to PawPrintsID.com and download one for FREE. If using a computer to get medical information or to report a found pet, just go to PawPrintsID.com, click on the "Report a Found PawPrintsID Pet" or "Get Medical Records" buttons and enter the seven digit tag number. Once there, you can send the owner an email or download medical records for a pet. No special equipment is necessary. No computer or Smartphone just call 1-855-PAW-IDME and we will do the rest.

Let us keep your pet safe, today.  The PawPrintsID tag is available through Buffalo Trace Veterinary Services!



Understanding Heartworm

Written by Buffalo Trace Veterinary Services on . Posted in Blog

It has been understood by many people that only dogs get heartworm. For many cat owners, the concept that cats could get heartworm has been a surprising fact. Even more surprising is that the percentage of indoor cats that contract heartworm disease is relatively high, according to heartwormsociety.org.

How Heartworm is Contracted

Both cats and dogs can contract the worm from infected mosquitoes when they bite the pet, releasing the worm's larvae into the body of the animal. As mosquitoes can fly into homes as well as be found outdoors, even indoor pets are not immune.

The American Heartworm Society has a handy map of the US, showing the states where heartworm is a problem. It should come as no surprise that the states where mosquitoes are found in higher concentrations also have higher counts of pets who have tested positive for heartworm. The white areas of this map don't indicate lack of a problem, only that pets there have been tested positive for heartworm far less often than in other states.

Preventive measures do exist for both cats and dogs.

First, ask us about a preventative treatment plan for your pet.  We are up to date on the incidence of heartworm in our geographic area, as well as areas you may be visiting in upcoming months and can help devise a plan to give your pet maximum protection.

Avoid taking your pet through mosquito-infested areas. Although observe what has already been stated; keeping your pet strictly indoors is not necessarily a safeguard, although it does reduce the risk of infection if you have screens over windows and doors.

It should be noted that the most effective preventive drugs are not available over the counter. Any drugs claiming to prevent heartworm that are not prescribed are to be treated with caution.

Treatment Methods

Prevention is important, particularly in cats, as there is no known cure for this worm in felines. Cats can often kill the worm internally on their own, but can then experience toxic shock responses when the body attempts to clean the dead worm from the system. It's the toxic shock that is more likely to kill the cat than the worm itself. Consequently, while heartworms don't live very well inside cats, their presence can still be a fatal threat.

Dogs can often be successfully treated with what is called an adulticide. Once they are cured, preventive measures must continue to prevent reinfection in the future.

For the Love of Your Pet

All pet parents love their animals and want what's best for them. As such, we encourage every pet owner to discuss the likelihood of heartworm in their area, and steps that can be taken to prevent it. We will be happy to sit down with you to discuss your options for your dog or cat. The old saying is true, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure”.

Photo credit:  Александр Ермолаев | Photos.com


Bored Cat?

Written by Buffalo Trace Veterinary Services on . Posted in Blog

There are many benefits to being an indoor cat—for example, provided there are no opportunities of an open door, chances of wild animal attacks, snow, extreme temperatures, or even getting attacked by a rougue dog are slim.  However, it takes more than just a safe environment to keep your cat healthy.
So, how can you, as a pet owner, ensure your favorite feline is content and happy?  One way is to provide a stimulating and enriching environment.  Here are  a couple of ways:

1.    Discover some new toys.
Here’s one that our cats loved:  The Cat’s Meow Undercover Mouse Cat Toy.  Toys like this provide your cat the opportunity to engage in his natural instincts of pouncing and preying!  By giving your cat toys you approve of, time spent clawing curtains, scratching furniture, and other similar destructive behaviors may be reduced.

Watch our cat in action!

2.    Go upward!  That’s right!  Even if you live in a fairly small space, cats love the opportunity to find height.  There are multiple ways to build vertical spaces for your feline.  This is a natural instinct for cats and helps them maintain a level of activity and fitness.  As a bonus, these vertical spaces provide a safe place away from toddlers, who may be constantly seeking out your cat.

3.    Provide “cat tv”, errr…a warm sunny spot where your cat can gaze outsize at a nearby-placed bird feeder.  Make sure to place the bird feeds out of range from neighboring non-indoor cats!  The variety of birds and continuous motion is sure to provide hours of mental stimulation and visual activity for your cat.

Of course, if you have any questions about how to keep your cat healthy and happy, we’re here to help!  Give us a call and schedule an appointment.
Buffalo Trace Veterinary Services


Welcome to 2014!

Written by Buffalo Trace Veterinary Services on . Posted in Blog

January. Just hearing the word can bring a sense of new opportunities and hope for what the New Year will bring us. Often, this is a time when folks make a New Year’s resolution, and consider giving up those things that complicate their lives, or commit to things which enrich their lives.

However, one look at statistics which reveal the percentage of Americans who make resolutions vs. those who are successful indicates 45% of Americans make them, and only 8% actually are successful in achieving them. (University of Scranton, Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1.1.2014)

Let’s keep it simple. We are pet owners who adore our pets. What if the secret to a healthier lifestyle (one of the top New Year’s Resolutions every year,) not only will make you healthier, but will make your pet HAPPIER? What if we all just committed to a 20-30 minute walk each day with our favorite furry friend? The wags and dog smiles would certainly be worth it, and make it even more motivating to grab the leash each day! Even grabbing a quick photo each day on your walk would provide smiles for those rainy or blustery days when it’s too uncomfortable to journey outside.

As long as we’re talking about healthier and happier, don’t forget to schedule your pet’s annual wellness exam. Did you know that by developing a routine wellness plan which includes preventative care, you may actually save money on veterinary costs? There’s no better way to protect your pet from common parasites/diseases. By thwarting flea and tick, heartworm, and other common dangers to your pet before they have a chance to cause illness, your pet will be able to enjoy those walks each day, and be a treasured part of your family longer!

Questions about this or other ways to keep your pet healthy in the New Year? Give us a call! We know what a special role your four-legged family member has and will treat your pet as if he were our own.


Photo credit: damedeeso| Photos.com

Season's greetings!

Seasons Greetings!

Written by Buffalo Trace Veterinary Services on . Posted in Blog

Christmas is right around the corner!  And with the joys this upcoming holiday week brings, often emergency veterinary clinics as well as the Pet Poison Hotline receive an increase in visits and calls.  Why does this happen? 

Given the extra activity and fun decorations, curious pets often find many ways to keep themselves busy while you are entertaining, cleaning, cooking, wrapping, shopping , etc.  How can you be prepared?

1.  Handbags.  Just as your guests arrive and put down their bags, curious pets often find themselves seeking out the treasures within.  Unfortunately, gum containing Xylitol, prescription medication, and over-the-counter meds, are poisonous to dogs and cats.  Have a plan for a safe storage area for your guests coats and bags—one that keeps them out of sight and reach from your furry friends.

2.  Table food and well-intentioned guests.  One look at a dog’s pleading eyes, and a well-meaning family member or friend may want to share his meal.  Not only is it hard to know HOW MUCH food your pet is consuming, but also WHAT he is consuming.  Table scraps, bones, foods with raisins and currants, etc. can lead to a very sick pet.  Remind your guests that Fido has a very special and tasty diet, no matter what his eyes tell them.  Even better, during mealssecure your pet in an area away from the holiday food—which will also keep those unattended or forgotten plates of food less of a danger to your pet.

3.  Noise, conversations, and countdowns.  As you are sharing holiday cheer with your family members and friends, keep in mind that the extra noise may be overwhelming to your pets.  Layer on New Year’s Countdowns and you may notice a higher level of stress occurring in your pets—loud popping noises can be quite terrifying.  Again, a safe-retreat area away from your fun may be just what your pet needs to relax and regroup.

4.  What about for those pet-loving friends?  For those guests that are true animal lovers, give them a job they might really like!  Instead of allowing them to help with the dishes, hand them a leash and let them take Fido out around the block.  Everyone will be happy!

Buffalo Trace Veterinary Service wishes you a very safe and merry holiday season!  


Thanksgiving on the Way...

Written by Buffalo Trace Veterinary Services on . Posted in Blog

With the excitement of family and fabulous food that the Thanksgiving holiday surrounds us with, there are a few things to keep in mind for keeping your pet healthy and safe.  Curious? Try Googling "Dog steals Thanksgiving Turkey" and you'll see what we mean!

Safety points to keep on your radar:

  • Don't give your dog Turkey bones, even small ones.  These can cause great damage to the stomach, mouth, and throat due to their brittle nature.
  • Be careful of spiced foods.  Yes, that means stuffing!  Some of our favorite spices that help define the Thanksgiving meal can actually be toxic to your pet.
  • Discard the Turkey carefully.  Dogs have an incredible sense of smell and have no shame in digging through a garbage to create his own feast!  Not only are the bones dangerous, but he may get into other toxic substances.
  • By nature, pets are curious.  Keep decorations well out of reach.  Those new holiday gourds?  They might not look too different from a dog toy, and inquisitive minds will seek them out.
  • Be mindful of the extra noise and activity--your dog or cat may simply want a break in the action and excitement.  Especially if there are small children around.  Have an area within close proximity where he can feel safe, secure and have a chance to rest in quiet.

We hope you have a wonderful holiday season!


Photo credit:  Jodi Jacobson | Photos.com


Pet Obesity

Written by AXC Support on . Posted in Blog

Did you know that giving your dog a dog treat (a 20 lb dog, for example) is equivalent to you consuming a hamburger? It's true!  Pet obesity is a problem facing many of our pets.  Even a few extra pounds can lead to health complications down the road for your pet.  Unsure if your pet is obese?  Here are a few signs:

1.  Unable to see or feel rib cage of your pet as he is standing in place.

2.  Does he enjoy physical activities less or become fatigued easily?

3.  Have you noticed difficulty with mobility (aside from age-related issues)?


If you are noticing any of these signs, please give us a call--we can help come up with an exercise and food plan that will meet your pet's unique health needs.


Additional resources:





Photo credit:  Eric Isselée| Photos.com


Buffalo Trace Veterinary Services in Versailles, KY is an outpatient companion animal clinic that emphasizes compassionate and affordable veterinary care for your Pre-Furred family members. It is our commitment to provide quality veterinary care throughout the life of your pet. Our services and facilities are designed to assist in routine preventive care for young, heal

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